General Information About Hanoi
-12 urban districts: Hoan Kiem, Ba Dinh, Dong Da, Hai Ba Trung, Tay Ho, Thanh Xuan, Cau Giay, Long Bien, Hoang Mai, Ha Dong, Nam Tu Liem, Bac Tu Liem. - 1 town: Son Tay. - 17 rural districts: Dong Anh, Soc Son, Thanh Tri, Gia Lam (Ha Noi); Ba Vi, Chuong My, Dan Phuong, Hoai Duc, My Duc, Phu Xuyen, Phuc Tho, Quoc Oai, Thach That, Thanh Oai. Thuong Tin, Ung Hoa (former Ha Tay province) and Me Linh (a former district of Vinh Phuc province). Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Hoa, Muong, Tay, Dao... Ha Noi is the capital of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, the center of culture, politics, economy and trade of the whole country.
Ha Noi is located in the Red River Delta, in the center of North Viet Nam. It is encompassed by Thai Nguyen and Vinh Phuc provines to the north, Ha Nam and Hoa Binh provinces to the south, Bac Giang, Bac Ninh and Hung Yen provinces to the east, Hoa Binh and Phu Tho provinces to the west.
Ha Noi means "the hinterland between the rivers" (Ha: river, Noi: interior). Ha Noi's territory is washed by the Red River (the portion of the Red River embracing Ha Noi is approximately 40km long) and its tributaries, but there are some other rivers flowing through the capital, including Duong, Cau, Ca Lo, Day, Nhue, Tich, To Lich and Kim Nguu.
Climate: Ha Noi is situated in a tropical monsoon zone with two main seasons. During the dry season, which lasts from October to April, it is cold and there is very little rainfall, except from January to March, when the weather is still cold but there is some light rain. The wet season, from May to September, is hot with heavy rains and storms. The average annual temperature is 23.2°C (73.7°F) and the average annual rainfall is 1,800mm. The average temperature in winter is 17.2°C (62.9°F), but can go down to 8°C (46.4°F). The average temperature in summer is 29.2°F (84.6°F), but can reach up to 39°C (102.2°F).
Uncle Ho's Mausoleum (Ha Noi)
Ha Noi is a sacred land of Viet Nam. In the 3rd century BC, Co Loa (actually belonging to Dong Anh District) was chosen as the capital of the Au Lac Nation of Thuc An Duong Vuong (the King Thuc). Ha Noi later became the core of the resistance movements against the Northern invasions. Located in the middle of the Red River Delta, the town has gradually expanded to become a very populations and rich residential center. At different periods, Ha Noi had been selected as the chief city of Viet Nam under the Northern domination.In the autumn of Canh Tuat lunar years (1010), Ly Thai To, the founder of the Ly Dynasty, decided to transfer the capital from Hoa Lu to Dai La, and so he rebaptized it Thang Long (Soaring Dragon). The year 1010 then became an historical date for Ha Noi and for the whole country in general. For about a thousand years, the capital was called Thang Long, then changing to Dong Do, Dong Kinh, and finally to Ha Noi, in 1831. This sacred piece of land thereafter continued to be the theatre of many fateful events.
Throughout the thousand years of its eventful history, marked by destruction, wars and natural calamities, Ha Noi still preserves many ancient architectural works including the Old Quarter and over 600 pagodas and temples. Famous sites include the One Pillar Pagoda (built in 1049), the Temple of Literature (built in 1070), Ha Noi Citadel, Ha Noi Opera House, President Ho Chi Minh's Mausoleum...
Ha Noi also characteristically contains 18 beautiful lakes such as Hoan Kiem Lake, West Lake, and Truc Bach Lake..., which are the lungs of the city, with their surrounding gardens and trees providing a vital source of energy. Many traditional handicrafts are also practiced in Ha Noi including bronze molding, silver carving, lacquer, and embroidery. Ha Noi has many famous traditional professional handicraft villages such as Bat Trang pottery village, Ngu Xa bronze casting village, Yen Thai glossy silk...
By road: Ha Noi is 93km from Ninh Binh, 102km from Hai Phong, 153km from Thanh Hoa, 151km from Ha Long, 474km from Dien Bien Phu, 658km from Hue, 763km from Da Nang, and 1,710km from Ho Chi Minh City. By air: Noi Bai International Airport, over 35km from the city center, is one of the biggest airports of the country with various international and domestic routes. There are domestic flights from Ha Noi to Danang, Dien Bien, Ho Chi Minh City, Hue, Nha Trang and international flights to many countries in over the world.
By train: Ha Noi Railway Station is Viet Nam's main railway station. It is the starting point of five railway lines leading to almost every province in Viet Nam.
Hanoi, Hanoi Vietnam, Hanoi Travel Guide, Tours, Map, Photos
Hanoi is the capital of Northern Vietnam and keeps this role until now. The city is located on the right bank of the Red River and far about 1760 kilometers from Ho Chi Minh City. Hanoi features a warm humid subtropical climate with plentiful precipitation. In addition, Hanoi is considered one of the main cultural centers of Vietnam, where most Vietnamese dynasties have left their imprint.
In 1902, Hanoi became the capital of the Indochina Federation and it was built by French. Through two wars, Hanoi is the capital of Northern Vietnam and keeps this role until now. Its population in 2009 was estimated at 2.6 million for urban districts, 6.5 million for the metropolitan jurisdiction. From 1010 until 1802, it was the most important political centre of Vietnam. The city is located on the right bank of the Red River and far about 1760 kilometers from Ho Chi Minh City.
Hanoi is located between 20053' to 21023' north latitude and 105044' to 106002'east longitude. The city has an area of 3.324,92 square kilometers. Hanoi is a city with a mount of lakes, ancient rivers. In the inner city, West Lake has large area of about 500 ha, and plays an important role in the urban landscape. Today this lake is surrounded by many hotels and villas.
Hanoi is situated on an ancient soil area deposited from time immemorial with layer after layer of alluvium carried down from the northern mountain ranges by the Red River and its tributaries. That is the reason why Hanoian feel as closely connected to their Red River as children do towards their mothers. In the old days, the Red River was given another common name: Cai (Mother) River. The name of Hanoi (Exterior side of a river) has derived from an ancient language which is literally known as a land area located in the inner side the Red River. It is not that the city is inside the river but rather it is embraced by about 100 kilometers of the Red river dykes. The dyke portion in Hanoi accounts for about one fifth of the total river dykes flanking on either side of the Red River that runs along the Vietnamese territory on a stretch of more than 500 kilometers.
Other rivers that run through Hanoi include the Duong, the Cau, and the Ca Lo, the Day, the Nhue, the Tich, the To Lich and the Kim Nguu rivers. The last two rivers, To Lich and Kim Nguu, have been regarded as an inexhaustible source of inspiration for many Vietnamese literature writers and poems that lived in the capital city in the old days. These two rivers were considered the most poetic and romantic bodies of water that flows through the city. At present the two rivers, To Lich and Kim Nguu, are still partly seen in the city. Their former grandeur has long lost their literature charm because they have to give way to urbanization development scheme. Currently these rivers are regarded merely as the city's main open ditch drainage system. However, the government has had in mind a massive upgrading scheme to return the two historic rivers their original beauty
Hanoi features a warm humid subtropical climate with plentiful precipitation. The city experiences the typical climate of northern Vietnam, where summers are hot and humid, and winters are, by national standards, relatively cool and dry. Summers, lasting from May to September, are hot and humid, and receive the majority of the annual 1,680 millimeters (66.1 in) of rainfall. The winters are short, relatively dry, and mild, while spring can bring light rains.
When the first state of ancient Vietnam was established in Hanoi (formerly Thang Long), the city was considered a sacred and typical part of Vietnam. Twenty three centuries ago, Co Loa in the present-day district of Dong Anh was the capital of the ancient Au Lac country reigned by Thuc An Duong Vuong (King Thuc An Duong.) In the subsequent period of more than 1,000 years, Hanoi had witnessed brilliant feats of arms in a long resistance war against the northern mighty invaders. The subsequent dynasties sometimes moved their capital to other regions. Mid 20th century, Hanoi suffers from the complex events of history. Events that Japanese attacks Indochina in 1940 make Vietnam under the administration of the French and Japanese. The Vietnamese forces held August revolution succeeded. In september 2nd 1945, Ho Chi Minh read the Declaration of Independence at Ba Dinh, and created the Democratic Republic of Vietnam with Hanoi capital. In 1945, the victory of Dien Bien Phu, our military regained the North of Vietnam, Hanoi continued the capital position of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
As the capital of Vietnam for almost a thousand years, Hanoi is considered one of the main cultural centers of Vietnam, where most Vietnamese dynasties have left their imprint. Even though some relics have not survived through wars and time, the city still has many interesting cultural and historic monuments for visitors and residents.
Hanoi was given the title "City for Peace" on June 17th 1999. In 2000, President Tran Duc Luong in Hanoi awarded the title "Capital hero" on October 4th. In 2010, the city celebrated 1000 years with 1000th anniversary of Thang Long - Hanoi from October 1st to 10th which prepared many years ago.
Hanoi is very compact, and the city is the most interesting places for tourists. You could probably explore the Old Quarter and visit all the places below in a single day. Tourists can enjoy fresh air when walking around Hoan Kiem Lake or West Lake, sight view in the Old Quarter and visit the entire trade villages around Hanoi. Moreover, they will have opportunities to enjoy traditional foods and have unforgettable time in Hanoi such as: Pho, Cha ca La Vong, com, Bun thang, Banh cuon, Bun cha…Coming and exploring Hanoi, tourist will find a strange and excited feeling about landscape and Hanoian.
Hanoi on Map - Interactive Map
ride to Phu Yen on country road with a stop in Son Tay. On November 20-21, 1970, a joint force composed of USAF Special Operations and rescue personnel and U.S. Army Special Forces, supported by U.S. Navy Carrier Task Force 77, made a daring raid on the Son Tay prison camp located less than 50 miles from Hanoi
This combination trip is one of our best-selling tour itinerary, which will provide you the best part of Vietnam and Cambodia, from the majestic temples of Angkor to the spectacular Halong Bay and the exciting Mekong Delta.
The legendary Ho Chi Minh Trail was the supply line used by North Vietnam to link North and South Vietnam during the American War. Soldiers, ammunition, weapons and supplies were carried by hand, on bicycle and truck for hundreds of kilometres through the otherwise impenetrable jungle that covered Vietnam’s mountainous border with Laos.
On this fourteen day trip, you will discover the wonders of Ha Long Bay, Hue and the picturesque port town of Hoi An, a favorite with many travelers. Also on the tour is the lush Mekong Delta, the amazing Cu Chi tunnels and vibrant Ho Chi Minh City (aka Saigon). After leaving HCMC
Ho Chi Minh Trail Motorbike Tours , the communists called it the Truong Son Strategic Supply Route, after the Vietnamese name for the Annamite Range mountains in central Vietnam. According to the United States National Security Agency’s official history of the war, the Trail system was “one of the great achievements of military engineering of the 20th century. Northern Vietnam (Hanoi, Bac Ha, Cao Bang, Cat Ba, Cuc Phuong National Park, Dien Bien Phu, Dong Dang, Dong Hoi, Ha Long Bay, Haiphong, Lao Cai, Ninh Binh, Sapa, Bac Giang) harbours some of the most magnificent views of Vietnam as well as the capital city and the chance to visit indigenous hill tribes.
The classic two-country tour is designed specially for those who want to visit the popular attractions in Vietnam and Myanmar. On the 17-days trip, you will explore the bustle Hanoi and leisure cruise on the Halong Bay, visit the historical Hoian Ancient Town and relax on the beautiful sandy beach, explore the colonial Saigon and boat ride to discover the Mekong River Delta; and then fly to visit the awesome pagodas in Yangon, the ancient temples in Bagan, cruise on the magical Inle Lake and the cultural centre of Mandalay in Myanmar.
The Yunnan-Vietnam Railway or Sino-Vietnamese Railwa was a 855 km railway built by France during 1904-1910, connecting Haiphong,Vietnam with Kunming, Yunnan. Now the old railway is out of the use in Yunnan, the gorverment is building the New Yunnan-Vietnam Railway which is one part of the Trans-Asian Railway from Singapore to Vietnam and China
We follow a little secondary road through rice fields until Ninh Binh. Check in a Van Xuan Inter-hotel Complex near Hoa Lu. Hike up Yen Ngua Hill to get the paramount view of Hoa Lu’s bizarre landscape. Drive on the little peaceful back road through myriads of limestone to Tam Coc. Lunch at Anh Dung restaurant.
Motorbiking to Bai Chay in 5 hours. Good sealed road. Promenade along the coast in Halong City. A junk is waiting to take us and the bikes to cruise in Halong Bay. Lunch with seafood on the boat. Boating to Thien Cung cave, fishing village and then through myriads of limestone to Ba Trai Dao (Three Peach Fruit Islet). Swimming and sleep here.
This private tour is designed for those who want to have an in-depth trip in Vietnam and visit all the tourist sites, such as Hanoi, Halong Bay, Sapa, Hoian, Nhatrang, Saigon and Mekong Delta; and short stay in Cambodia to visit the world’s famous Angkor Wat.
Imagine the non-stop action of Bangkok and the glittering temples of Luang Prabang. Discover the mist-shrouded mountains and the peaceful backwaters and villages of Laos. Taste the authentic mouth watering cuisine of Thailand and enjoy the refreshing taste of a cold Beer Laos
This private tour is designed for those who want to experience the best of Myanmar, Thailand, Laos and Cambodia in just one go. You will not only visit the gorgeous temples, pagodas and towers, but also enjoy the beautiful countryside sceneries and experience the leisure lifepace that only offered in those indochina countries.
This is the panoramic tour of Indochina. The tour is designed for the travelers who have enough time to have an in-depth exploration in the five countries of South Asia: Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Myanmar (Burma).
explore the spectacular scenery and the wonderful world of local ethnic minority people. Along the way to visit Ban Gioc water fall, one of the most beautiful waterfall in Vietnam, which form a natural border between Vietnam and China. The echo of the falls can be heard kilometres away.
We propose to ride directly to Bac Ha on sealed mountainous road with many curves. It is only 2 hours riding, thus we have time to stop a lot: go walking, visiting ethnics villages (H’mong village of Ban Pho to meet H’mong women union for example) or depending on your date go to ethnic market (Can Cau on Saturday morning, Bac Ha on Sunday).
You ride from Vu Linh to Na Khan through Thai Nguyen. The road is sealed almost all the way, and dirt road the last 10 kilometres. Na Khan is a Tay village, lost in the middle of the primitive forest. Mr. Lo, chief of the village will welcome us in his house
Wild and bumpy road. We go through the Mu Cang Chai massif, almost as high as the Fansipan: From the top, we have one of the most beautiful views of North Vietnam. Once in Than Uyen, we can go around visiting villages surrounding.
We start the day by strolling around Bac Ha to meet many ethnic villages in this area. We then move towards the lake Thac Ba. From Bac Ha to Luc Yen, the road is easy and sealed all the way. Once reached Luc Yen, ride to Vu Linh in about 2 hours around the lake on a small road lined by palm trees and scenic mountain views. We arrive at Vu Linh, a traditional village of Dao where we sleep in the family of our friends. The welcome is exceptional